A passport and visa, which must be obtained in advance, are required for entry into Nigeria.
Foreign nationals cannot legally depart Nigeria unless they can prove, by presenting their entry visas, that they entered Nigeria legally.
To obtain a visa, an applicant is expected to show proof of ability to sustain oneself for as long as he/she is in the country. the visitor may also need to present an airline ticket.
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) nationals whose stay will not exceed three months are exempt from obtaining a visa for entry into Nigeria.
Entry information can be obtained from the nearest Nigerian embasyy or consulate in your country.
Medical facilities in Nigeria are limited and medicines are often unavailable. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.
Check with your own insurance company to confirm whether your policy applies overseas, including provision for medical evacuation.
Ascertain whether payment will be made to the overseas hospital or doctor or whether you will be reimbursed later for expenses you incur.
Insect, food and water borne diseases are major causes of illness. Some predominant illnesses are;
- Typhoid Fever, etc
Drink only bottled drinks including water. Avoid raw foods or dairy products. Also avoid food street stands and vendors.
There have been an increased number of AIDS incidents. Blood supply in the country may not be properly screened and proper hygiene standards may not be followed.
If possible defer medical treatment until you reach a facility where safety can be assured.
Other Health Information
Information on vaccinations and other health precautions (for US travellers) may be obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's international traveler's hotline at tel.: 1-877-FYI-TRIP (1-877-394-8747); fax: 1-888-CDC-FAXX (1-888-232-3299), or by visiting the CDC Internet home page at www.cdc.gov
Permission is required to take photographs of government buildings, airports, bridges or official-looking buildings. Permission may be obtained from Nigerian security personnel.
Credit cards are rarely accepted outside of major hotels. Due to the prevalence of credit card fraud in Nigeria and credit card fraud by Nigerians, credit card use is generally ill-advised.
It is usually necessary to bring sufficient travelers checks and/or currency to cover the expenses of a planned visit.
Currency can be converted into Naira at any of the banks or with "gray" market operators that hover around the hotels or airports.
While in a foreign country, foreign nationals are subject to the laws and regulations of their host country, which sometimes differ significantly from those in their native countries and may not afford the protections available to the individual under the laws of their home country.
Penalties for breaking the law can be more severe than in other countries for similar offenses.
Persons violating Nigerian law, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Nigeria are strictly enforced. Those arrested routinely face prolonged detention before trial, and convicted offenders can expect jail sentences and fines.